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The CARP symbolized an essential component in the context of the democratization process in the Philippines by targeting agricultural land redistribution and provision of support services for agricultural development seeds, start-up capitals, credits and farming implements.
It is further considered as a social justice measure that should guarantee the right to adequate food for the rural population in the Philippines. However, several loopholes allowed large landowners to evade land redistribution.
These were reflected in anti-peasant and pro-landlord provisions such as the Stock Distribution Option SDOleaseback agreements, Voluntary Land Transfer VLTvague procedures for the identification of beneficiaries in commercial and corporate farms, the prioritization of the distribution of public land over private landholdings as well as unclear guidelines for land use conversions.
The SDO allowed corporate landowners the option to give farmers partial ownership of a company in the form of stocks shares in lieu of land distribution.
This was opted by Hacienda Luisita Inc.
Instead of acquiring actual land to till, the farm workers of Hacienda Luisita received shares which were computed based on the number of work days. Beside these loopholes, there were budget constraints, the lack of an accurate land registration system and extensive corruption within the Department of Agrarian Reform DAR which were the major reasons for the delayed and slow implementation of CARP.
CARPER brought about significant changes in the land reform process, such as the elimination of the SDO or VLT option, the recognition of women as beneficiaries, the prioritization of the distribution of large landholdings between 25 and 50 hectaresthe indefeasibility of awarded beneficiary lands and the provision of PHP billion for land acquisition and distribution LAD whereby 40 percent of the budget should be allocated for support services.
This provision affected seasonal farm workers. But as the program ended in Juneabout one million hectares of land had yet to be distributed including the most difficult and contentious landholdings.
After 27 years of implementation, the completion of agrarian reform is still nowhere in sight.
In fact, the performance of CARP under the present Aquino administration is one of the lowest in the history of agrarian reform. In several cases, strong landlord resistance opposing the land distribution process saw farmers facing harassments, intimidations and evictions with some even getting killed.
The case of Hacienda Matias in Bondoc Peninsula is a prime example of the suffering of farmer beneficiaries under aggressive landlord resistance. Only in July, was DAR able — after several attempts — to enter the land, to provide necessary protection to the farmer beneficiaries and to resume the land distribution process.
An integral component of CARP is the provision of support services. To successfully complete CARP, farmer beneficiaries need to be able to cultivate and till their awarded land.
As of Decemberonly 44 percent of all farmer beneficiaries under the agrarian reform program had access to support services, such as farming implements, seeds and access to social credit.
The inability to deliver timely and adequate support services prevented many farmer beneficiaries from becoming economically viable producers and is threatening the sustainability of the claimed land distribution accomplishments.
As in the case of Hacienda Luisitathe vast majority of farmer beneficiaries were forced to lease their land under unjust conditions to generate cash to feed themselves and their families.Agrarian Reform implementation is dependent on the political will and behest of the ruling elite.
Even the most comprehensive of the agrarian reform laws, RA , has suffered from the lack of.
Finally, there is the deed to look into the bureaucratic culture of those tasked to implement the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program. The Department of Agrarian Reform, the Local Government Units, the Philippine National Police, and other agencies should be made more accountable of their actions in the implementation of the CARP.
The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program, more commonly known as CARP, is an agrarian reform law of the Philippines whose legal basis is the Republic Act No. ,  otherwise known as the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL).
. - The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of shall cover, regardless of tenurial arrangement and commodity produced, all public and private agricultural lands as provided in Proclamation No. and Executive Order No. , including other lands of the public domain suitable for agriculture.
Its primary purpose was the proper implementation of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP), moving the agriculture program away from feudalism towards modern industrialization and at the same time rumoring social Justice.
PIDS concluded that while the implementation of the program may have been flawed, redoing land reform by revising the law toward a “genuine” program is unnecessary.